CANE INFORMATION

            Sugar cane is  a traditional crop of India and it is under cultivation since time immemorial in the Indo-Gangetic belt. There are numerous mentions of sugarcane in several of our ancient books such as "Atharva Veda", "Rig Veda" etc dataing back to 1000BC TO 3000BC. Foreign travelers to India, about 2000 years ago, have mentioned about sugar cane. Buddhist literature has several mentions of sugar cane and sugar.

SUGARCANE 

 

Family

Graminaea

Class  

Monocotyledenes

Order 

Glumaceae

Cultivars

Complex Hybrids evolved from Species

Scientific Name

Saccharum  officinarum . L

Cultivated Species

1. Saccharum officinarum . L

 

2. Saccharum sinense Roxb

 

3. Saccharum barberi Jesw

SEASONS FOR SUGARCANE 

 

Early  

December – January ( Margazhi – Thai

Mid    

February – March ( Masi – Pankguni

Late

April – May ( Chitthirai – Vaikasi

Special

June – August ( Aanni – Avani )

AREA COVERAGE

 

Early and Mid Season planting

70%

Late Season Planting

20%

Special Season Planting

10%

VARIETIES UNDER CULTIVATION

 

Early  

CoC 671, CoC 92061, Co 86032, CoC 90063

Midlate

CoC91061, CoSi 86071, CoSi 96071, Co 6304, Co 85019,  Co 86249, Co 8021

Special

All early varieties

 

 

Varieties Specially Suited to Drought

 

VARIETIES

CoC 85061, CoC 90063, Co 85019, CoG 93076,CoSi 86071

Saline/ Alkaline Soils

CoSi 86071, CoG 93076, CoC 771

More info…….. http:// Sugarcane-Breeding/tn.nic.net.in

 

Cane varieties under cultivation for the season 2010-2011

Sl.

No.

High Sugar Varieties

Medium Sugar Varieties

Low Sugar Varieties

Variety

%

Variety

%

Variety

%

1

Co 86032

99.40

Coc 90063

 

Co 6304

0.20

2

83r23

0.10

CO 97009

 

Cosi  94045

0.30
     

Coc 22

 

 

 

  TOTAL 99.50    

 

 0.50

 

                                                                                     Home      Contacts